1 Hectare to Bigha: A Comprehensive Guide to Land Measurement Conversion

In the realm of land measurement, two units frequently come into play: hectares and bighas. While hectares are part of the metric system and widely used globally, bighas are a traditional unit of land measurement prevalent in South Asian countries like India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. Understanding the conversion between these two units is crucial for various purposes, including agricultural transactions, property deals, and land surveys.

Defining Hectare and Bigha

A hectare (ha) is a metric unit of area equal to 10,000 square meters. It is commonly used to measure large land areas, such as farms, forests, and parks.

A bigha (b) is a traditional unit of land measurement used in South Asia. Its exact value varies depending on the region, but it is generally considered to be approximately one-third of an acre or 0.324 hectares.

Conversion Factor between Hectare and Bigha

The conversion factor between hectares and bighas is approximately 3.953686105. This means that one hectare is equal to 3.953686105 bighas.

To convert hectares to bighas, you can multiply the hectare value by 3.953686105. For instance, 5 hectares would be equal to 19.768430525 bighas.

Conversely, to convert bighas to hectares, you can divide the bigha value by 3.953686105. For example, 10 bighas would be equivalent to 2.530034753 hectares.

Applications of Hectare to Bigha Conversion

The conversion between hectares and bighas has practical applications in various fields:

Agriculture: Farmers often use bighas to measure their landholdings, while crop yields and agricultural inputs are often expressed in terms of hectares per bigha.

Property Transactions: When buying or selling land, it is essential to understand the area in both hectares and bighas to ensure fair pricing and accurate documentation.

Land Surveys: Land surveyors use both hectares and bighas to map and measure land accurately for various purposes, including property development, infrastructure projects, and environmental conservation.

Regional Variations in Bigha

It is important to note that the exact value of a bigha can vary depending on the region. In India, for instance, the bigha value ranges from 0.25 to 0.4 hectares, with different states using different conversion factors.

Therefore, when converting between hectares and bighas, it is crucial to consider the specific region and its standard bigha value to ensure accurate conversion.


Understanding the conversion between hectares and bighas is essential for effectively managing land in South Asian countries. By using the correct conversion factor and considering regional variations, individuals involved in agriculture, property transactions, and land surveys can make informed decisions and ensure fair and accurate land measurements.

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